ADHD stands for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. This disorder has some of the following symptoms as seen in a child:
- Difficulty following through on instructions
- Difficulty keeping attention on tasks or play activities
- Losing things necessary for tasks and activities at school and home
- Not listening
- Failure to give close attention to details
- Poor concentration for any length of time
- Easily distracted
- Leaving seat without permission
- Running or climbing inappropriately
- Talking excessively
- Having difficulty in playing quietly
- Always seems to be on the go
- Having trouble waiting their turn
Some children have characteristics of only inattention, others are primarily hyperactive and impulsive. There is also a combined type with a constellation of both types of symptoms. Often these disorders occur along with another mental health concern such as learning disabilities, depression, anxiety, bed-wetting, developmental delays and mood swings. Most children also exhibit defiance and opposition toward adults. Most children will go on to deal with symptoms into adulthood with many finding the ability to develop coping skills so medication may not be required.
There are many different types of interventions that can be used to assist children with these disorders at home and in the classroom. Consultation with a mental health professional may be helpful to determine which course of treatment would most benefit your child.
Laurie A. Truog, M.D., A.B.P.N.